San Xoán – The bonfires of Saint John

el-sofa-amarillo-hogueras-san-juan-coruna-12

Galician´s culture is very different from mainstream Spanish culture. Celtic roots, an own language -Galician-, its music and a deeply rooted tradition based on legends and mythology are some of its cultural identities.

Galicia has always been called the land of witches (in Galician Terra de Meigas), magic and superstitions; presumably due to its mystical past, its harsh landscape and a special geographical location. When the Romans conquered Gallaecia, they called the area Finisterre Cape- finis terrae- , because they believed they were at the end of the world. They were also amazed at how the ocean seemed to devour the sun at this place.

noche san juan
Noche San Juan
Gaiteiro san juan
Gaiteiro san juan
el-sofa-amarillo-hogueras-san-juan-coruna-12
El sofa amarillo hogueras san juan

A noite de San Xoán (St. John’s Eve) is one of the most popular and more expected festivities every year. It represents original Galician culture. Although The Bonfires of Saint John is not only typical from Galicia (in many other communities in Spain is also celebrated) it has many peculiarities.

In Galicia, St.John´s Eve is closely connected to rituals of purification. On the night; the shortest night of the year, it is believed that our world and the other side connect. St. John’s Eve is a Christian festivity with pagan origin. It takes place the night of 23rd to 24th of June and celebrates summer solstice arrival. People make bonfires and fireworks on the beach with their family and friends. It is a magical night and the party lasts until dawn.

The meaning of fire is to leave behind bad times. Students, for example, used to burn the notes of their school year, writing their wishes on paper and burn them. Thus, wishes will be fulfilled during the summer. People jump over a bonfire seven times on San Juan’s night, they will be cleaned and purified, their problems burned away. Jumping in the sea at midnight is supposed to be a way to wash away evil spirits.

In the afternoon, the smell of roasting sardines and skirt steak fills the whole city.

According to tradition, the previous day of Saint John Eve must be taken seven herbs, in Galician called Herbas de San Xoán which have therapeutic properties. People placed them in water and leave for one day. People believe these herbs possessed magical properties and they wash their faces with this water the following day of Saint John Eve.

Another ritual must be done “A Noite de San Xoán” is a queimada. It is a puch made with orujo, a transparent liquor acquired by distilling the pomace of the grape and flavoured with special herbs or coffee, sugar, lemon peel, coffee beans and cinnamon. The liquid is set alight to make it burn, while it is stirred with a large spoon and is being recited a Galician incantation to cast out demons and bad spirits.

St. John´s Eve is all about changes and contrast. It is about night and day, past and future, fire and water.

Welcome the summer, come to San Juan! 🙂

 

Photo sources –

  • http://elsofaamarillo.com/
  • http://www.hostalsuso.com/
  • http://bloglaquinteria.es/
  • My name is Ana del Valle Duque. I am from A Coruña, a nice city located in the North-West of Spain. I am 26 years old and studied Tourism in A Coruña. In 2009 I was doing an internship as a Tourguide for school children and tourist in The Tower of Hercules (is the only fully preserved Roman lighthouse that is still in used) and since that year has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For 4 years I lived in Berlin where I finish my studies and I was working in several jobs, as in a Startup working for a app for public transportation around the world and learning German and in an International Tourist Office Turespaña in Berlin planning and organisazing travels for German and Spanish tourist . At the moment I am doing a course of Ecological Tourism. Next year I would like to study a master in Cottbus called “World Heritage Studies”. Every time I can, I like travelling to different countries to discover new cultures and being in contact with local people. I think that is the best way to know a new place. My last trip was on August, I travelled with 3 friends with a van to the Balkans for 15 days. We were visiting many countries and it was a very nice experience. On my free time, I have fun hiking, climbing and surfing. Another hobbies that I have are ceramic and sewing. I enjoy helping another people. In 2007, I was doing a volunter in an International Project Workcamp in Czech Republic for a project in Křivoklátsko in a protected natural area in Czech Republic . One year later, I jointed another Workcamp in Iceland, the project was about renovation and conservation of an Icelandic Art Museum in Ísafjörður . I was also doing a volunteering in an Organisation called Ainde A Coruña that is organizing activities for disabled people. I think that the conservation of the Heritage of our forbears is very important, not only for all the cultures, but also for the current and future societies. This heritage shows us the evolution and the cultural steps that the humanity has improved along the history to become what we are nowadays. It is essential to know and preserve our past art and culture to be able to understand the present and future. For this reason, I consider fascinating to have the opportunity to participate in The GoUNESCO Internship Program.

  • Show Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

You May Also Like

Carving Memories: Migration, Cuisine and Identity in South Konkan

This article is written by Shweta Ghosh. It was originally published on www.sahapedia.org an open online resource ...

Malawi Build Heritage

How To Build A House In A Day: Decoding Malawi Heritage

The built heritage of every society is characterized by the materials, style and craftsmanship ...