The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in South India over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company.In 1761 an adventurer, Hyder Ali, commander in chief, made himself ruler of the state of Mysore and set about expanding his dominions. In 1766 the East India Company joined the nizam (ruler) of Hyderabad against Hyder Ali which is now known as the Anglo-Mysore war.. In 1769 Hyder Ali appeared before the company’s government in Madras and dictated peace on the basis of the status quo.
In the second war, Hyder Ali joined forces with the Marathas in 1780 and again devastated Karnataka. The tide was turned by the dispatch of British help from Calcutta and by the death of Hyder Ali in 1782.Peace was made with Hyder Ali’s son Tippu Sultan by the Treaty of Mangalore (1784).
The third war Tipu suffered a great loss at Seringapatam (now Srirangapatana, Karnataka) and forced to cede half his dominions (1792).
The fourth war – Tipu died a heroic death in the fight defending his capital Seringapatam. The fall of Seringapatam, the capital of Tipu Sultan, marked the end of Muslim rule over Mysore. Mysore became a princely state of the British and Krishna Raja, a boy of 8 years of Odayar dynasty, was given the throne of Mysore by the British. And Mysore lost its independence.
About sirirangapatna –
Srirangapatna is a rocky island formed by Cauvery River.That made it significant from a military as well as religious point of view. The religious history of it dates back to 9th century AD when the Ganges ( Ganga dynasty ) ruled this region from their capital at Talakadu. They built the Sri Ranganathaswamy temple in this island and hence the name Srirangapatna. A cultural blend of indian and islamic values can be seen .
In the matter of cuisine, there is an influence of North and the South Indian flavor. Festivals are characterized by color, gaiety, enthusiasm, prayers and rituals. In the realm of music, there are varieties of folk, popular, pop, and classical music.
This island is sprinkled with numerous historic and religious monuments. The spiritual sanctity of its religious landscape saddles beautifully with the nostalgic air of its valor past. There are over four dozen such spots in Srirangapatna. The most significant places to visit are Sri Ranganathaswamy temple (after which the place is named. The loft tower of the temple dominates the sky) , Gumbaz and the Darya Daulat.When you enter Srirangapatna from Bangalore, attractions like Masjid-E-Ala, Tipu’s place of death, the fort etc are on your right. Take a right deviation at the town square for Darya Daulat, Gumbaz, Nimishamba Temple, Gosai Ghat etc.
The architectural style of the fort is supposed to be Indo-Islamic and there is a Persian inscription on the gateway that announces its date of construction. There are two dungeons in the lower chambers of the fort that were used to imprison captured British officers. It is also said that Buddha visited and stayed on one of the islands near Srirangapatnam.
You can take the bus, drive or opt for train service to Srirangapatna. You can opt for Mysore express which stops at Srirangapatna. Bus services are also available at regular frequency from Bangaloreto Mysore. If you are driving take the NH17 Bangalore-Mysore road and drive towards Srirangapatna via Maddur and Mandya. The journey takes 3 hours from Bangalore.
srirangapatna , karnataka , India