A reflection of pride of Chola Dynesty-Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur
Chief architect Kunjara Mallan Raja Raja Perunthachan and 130,000 tonnes of granite come together in 12th century to become the Great Chola temple what we see today as Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur build by Raja Raja Chola I.
Thanjavur is located in Tamil Nadu,South India.The place is famous for the temples,paintings and the Maratha palace.During the period of Cholas in the 11th to 13th century,the most ambitious temple architecture was initiated by Raja Raja Chola I and completed by his son Rajendra Chola I.The Dravidian architecture is prominent in the temple.The entrance of the temple has two gopuram and Nandi,the guardian of Kailasa.The main garbhagriha is the tall structure with a massive round stone on the top.It is said to have magnetic field effect with absorbs positive energy into the temple.The idol of lord Brihadisvara is inside the temple.
Lord Shiva is worshiped in South India as Brihadisvara.The Nandi at the entrance of the temple is the gate guardian of Kailasa and is carved in a single stone.The mantapa is finely decorated with signature Chola stone carvings.The devotion to the lord is seen in the form of the carving of the structure of Shiva,the Tamilian style of tilak on the forehead,ornaments and garland,the mudras and the moon.The symbolic structure of the diety is remarkable.
The premises of the temple is long and wide.The main temple is symmetric and pyramid structure.The well arranged comic characters and the leaf in the shape of the semicircle are placed from lower to higher end of the pyramid.The round stone on the top is believed to be placed by elephants by rolling it from the bottom to the top over sand.The wonderful view makes a traveler see various dimensions of the personality of the King as he coordinates with architects,vedic priests and many more people involved in believing in the vision of the King and displaying a perfect masterpiece that we see today.
The interiors of the temple are specious to perform all festivals and rituals.The doors and windows are designed to provide adequate lighting and ventilation inside the temple.It is believed that there are secret passages connecting the temple and the Palace and the Royal members of the Chola dynasty used them to visit the temple.
Tanjor paintings are fine art creations from the artists of Tamil Nadu.The paintings have a geographical indication.The paintings are mostly of God and goddess,the daily life of palace and kings.The gold water is used to make the paintings.The colors are vibrant and have a South Indian background colors of red,green and blue.
A traveler can read about temple architecture by Adam Hardy to gain basic insights of the Dravidian architecture.The shrine,stambh and stupas are the basics of the temple architecture.The detailed architecture can be well appreciated.The archaeological department of India and Incredible India have well maintained the heritage site with periodic restoration and lighting in the evening highlighting the beautiful temple. World Heritage Site
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