We see amazing things created by Mother Nature all around the world: huge mountains, beautiful plains, scary jungles and green forests, the lungs of our planet. Do we know everything about this world? Of course not, and the most interesting thing is that we know a little about what is on the surface of this planet, but nothing is really aware of the fact of what is at the bottom, below the surface. But underground there are many wonderful things, in particular, the caves, which keep their secrets from us humans. Caves are subterranean voids that were formed by leaching of soft rocks, tectonic processes, etc. There is unique fauna in the caves, which members have developed other ways of feeling and movements due to the absence of light. Each cave is a special world, where you can see its beauty.
The exceptional volume of the underground canyon is what distinguishes the Škocjan Caves from other caves and places them among the most famous underground features in the world. The river flowing through the underground canyon turns north-west before the Cerkvenik Bridge and continues its course along the Hankejev kanal (Hanke’s Channel). This underground channel, first explored at the end of the 19th century, is approximately 3.5 kilometres long, 10 to 60 metres wide and over 140 metres high. At some points, it expands into huge underground chambers. The largest of these is the Martelova dvorana (Martel’s Chamber); with a volume of 2.2 million cubic metres, it is considered the largest discovered underground chamber in Slovenia and one of the largest in the world.
The finds from Mušja jama near Škocjan belong to the same period. In this 50-metre deep abyss, archaeologists discovered over 600 metal artefacts from the period between the 12th and 8th centuries B.C. The settlements at Škocjan and Gradišče, and especially numerous burial sites and other wealthy archaeological finds testify to the extraordinary significance of this location in the 1st century B.C. Burnt and broken objects from the abyss, mostly weapons and animal bones, provide evidence that sacrificial rites to gods were performed above the cave in the late Bronze Age.
Location of the caves:
Temperature: 31.7 °C
Temp. in the Cave: 12 °C
It is difficult to establish when tourism in Škocjan Caves truly commenced. According to some sources, in 1819, the county’s councilor Matej Tominc (Tominc Cave is named after him) ordered that the steps to the bottom of the collapsed doline Velika Dolina be made. According to other sources, they were only renovated. On this occasion, more precisely on 1 January 1819, a visitors’ book was introduced. This date can unequivocally be considered the beginning of modern tourism in Škocjan Caves.
In recent years, Škocjan Caves has around 100,000 visitors per year. The first part of the Caves—Marinič Cave and Mahorčič Cave with the collapsed doline Mala Dolina—was available to tourists already in 1933. It was severely damaged in a flood in 1963. In 2011, it was renovated and a new steel bridge was added. Visitors can also view the part of the underground canyon with the collapsed doline Velika Dolina.
Interesting things there:
- The Skocjan Caves Regional Park
- Škocjan Museum exhibitions
- Restaurant Gostilna pri Jami
On the UNESCO’s list of natural and cultural world heritage sites since 1986.
A Link:http://www.gounesco.com/skocjan-caves/http://gounesco.com.s3-ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/03115150/site_0390_0003-1024x768.jpghttp://gounesco.com.s3-ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/03115150/site_0390_0003-150x150.jpgStudent ProgramWHS researchWorld Heritage Sitescanyon,cave,Satyajit Baliyan,Skocjan Caves,Underground,whsresearch,world heritage,World Heritage Site