Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park
Being a traveler, I dream of having the whole world in my fist. I dream of travelling the whole world, world of huge mountains, deep oceans and dense forest.
After visiting, one of the oldest Church of Delhi, St. James Church, the golden opportunity of exploring a step forward fell into my greedy hands. This World Heritage Site, Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: The Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park came in as a reward to my ever increasing curiosity for other religions.
Kalwaria ZebrzydowskaPark is a Mannerist architectural and park landscape complex and pilgrimage park, built in the 17th century as the Counter Reformation in the late 16th century led to prosperity in the creation of Calvaries in Catholic Europe.
The park, located near the town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, which took its name from the park, was added in 1999 to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The site is also one of Poland’s official nationalas designated November 17, 2000 and tracked by the National Heritage Board of Poland.
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska was established in 1600 by Mikołaj Zebrzydowski, voivode of Kraków for Franciscan monks (custodians of theHoly Sepulchre in Jerusalem). It was modeled on the 1584 map of Jerusalem by Christian Kruik van Adrichem.
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, situated between two river valleys and two mountains, where are situated also the ruins of two medieval castles, in a forest zone. There is a Mannerist pilgrimage park, founded by the family of Zebrzydowski, and projected by the italian Jesuit Gian Maria Bernardoni, with buildings disposed in the natural landscape. There you can find Italian Renaissance and French Baroque park design with Mannerist freedom and irregularity and a lot of beautiful views and panoramas.
In the forest or at the end of long avenues are 42 big decorated chapels with a high degree of originality of forms, compositions, details and symbolic purposes: of the Hearth of the Virgin Mary (hearth-shaped plan), House of Caiphas (ellipse), House of Annas (triangle), House of Our Lady (triangle linked with semi-circles), House of Pilate (Greek cross), Holy Sepulchre (rectangle with semi-circular apses), of the Ascension (octagon containing a square), of the Last Supper (elongated rectangle), East Gate of Jerusalem (square with corner pilasters), Palace of Herod.
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