IRAQI MAQAM CLASSES AT ALWAN iraqi maqamIraqi Maqam is at least four hundred year old genre found in Iraq. The instruments of the ensemble which is used in the Iraqi Maqam, Al-Chalghi al-Baghdadi, includes a qari’ (singer), santur (hammered dulcimer), jawza (spike fiddle), tabla or dunbug/dumbeg, and sometimes riqq (tambourine) and naqqarat (kettle drums). The focus is on the poem sung in classical Arabic or Iraqi dialect (then called zuhayri). A complete maqam concert is known as fasl (plural fusul) and is named after the first maqam: bayat, hijaz, rast, nawa, or husayni. (Touma 1996, p.55, 57)
A typical performance includes the following sections (Touma 1996, p.56):
• tahrir, sometimes badwah
• taslum
• finalis
Some well known Iraqi maqam performers include: Mulla Hasan al-Babujachi, Rahmat Allah Shiltagh, Khalil Rabbaz, Rahmain Niftar, Rubin Rajwan, Ahmed Zaydan, Mulla Uthman al-Mawsili, Jamil al-Baghdadi, Salman Moshe, Rashid al-Qundarchi, Yusuf Huresh, Najm al-Shaykhli, Abbas Kambir, Mohammed al-Qubbanchi, Yusuf Omar, Hamed al-Sa‘di, Farida, and Husayn al-A‘dhami.

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Iraqi Maqam is at least four hundred year old genre found in Iraq. The instruments of the ensemble which is used in the Iraqi Maqam, Al-Chalghi al-Baghdadi, includes a qari' (singer), santur (hammered dulcimer), jawza (spike fiddle), tabla or dunbug/dumbeg, and sometimes riqq (tambourine) and naqqarat (kettle drums). The...