Despite of having a rich historical background, horn craft is less known in India. It has a vast range of products and almost every part is useful, eco- friendly and unique in its kind. Locally known as “Seengh ka kaam” in the town of Sarai Tareen, which is a small town situated 4km away from Sambhal city. It is famous for Horn and bone craft. And the craft work was initiated by  Mohd. Rasheed Lala , and now his son Mohd. Shahnawaz is continuing to serve and not letting the craft die.

THIS IS MADE OF HORN !!!!!!!!!!!

This is made of horn!

ORIGIN OF CRAFT

The ancient voyagers over a hunt found the buffalo horns to be hollow and discovered its utility as a carrier of water while the solid horns became trovel of use due to light weight , it opened more avenues of usage and uptill the industrial revolution , a vast range of horn products came into existence.

CRAFT IN ITS OWN

A buffalo horn , considered a waste , is aptly used to make beautiful crafts such as buttons, jewellery , cutlery, showpieces and even  more . Larger sized  horns are used as honkers during British reign horns were used for carrying gunpowder . Nowadays , people use it for interior decoration like on door panels and wall tiles.

THE RANGE OF PRODUCTS  OF HORN ARTISTRY –

  1. Powder Horn
  2. Cutlery
  3. Jewellery
  4. Whistles
  5. Handles
  6. Buttons
  7. Decorated Horns
  8. Wall Tiles
  9. Combos

 

PRODUCTS

PRODUCTS

MATERIALS

Raw materials : solid horns , hollow horns and timber
Processing materials : coal used for heating before flattening
Finishing materials: araldite – pasting element , lathe – polishing agent
Technologies : cutting and flattening drilling and polishing colouring- by hydrogen torch
Tools – electric cutter hydrogen torch press

PROCEDURE

  1. Horns are removed from bulls and buffaloes at the slaughter house.
  2.  Horns are then purchased by different warehouses.
  3. Extended skull bones are removed from the horns.
  4. horns are segregated into solid and hollow horns.
  5. Horns are cleaned and sundried .
  6. Horns loose their odour upon drying.

POTENTIALS

  1. It uses almost all of its residue .
  2. Powder generated is used as manure.
  3. Gives employment to a large no. of people.
  4. Its eco- friendly.
  5. Its not seasonal.
  6. Has a vast variety of products .

CONSTRAINTS

  1. Horn dust effects the respiratory system of workers.
  2. less durable than synthetic items.
  3. In india market is weak.
  4. High demand may lead to unrestricted slaughtering of animals.

REFERENCES

  • ‘Sambhal – A Historical Survey’ written by – Sankhdher B.M.
  • ‘Indian Crafts’ – Develpoment And Potentials written by – D. N. Saraf
  • Mr. Suhel Subhani – Al Hamdd Trading Post, Meerut
  • I would also like to thank my friends Humair Subhani , Tushar Mondal And Gaurav Varshney for helping me out with the field study and data collection.

 

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Despite of having a rich historical background, horn craft is less known in India. It has a vast range of products and almost every part is useful, eco- friendly and unique in its kind. Locally known as 'Seengh ka kaam' in the town of Sarai Tareen, which is a...