The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world. In the second half of the fifth century bc, Athens, following the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world. In the age that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts. The most important monuments were built during that time: the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small temple Athena Nike.
- Every four years, the Athenians held a festival called the Panathenaea that rivaled the Olympic Games in popularity. During the festival, a procession (believed to be depicted on the Parthenon frieze) traveled through the city via the Panathenaic Way and culminated on the Acropolis.
- The Acropolis Restoration Project began in 1975 and is now nearing completion. The project included collection and identification of all stone fragments, even small ones, from the Acropolis and its slopes and the attempt was made to restore as much as possible using reassembled original material (Anastylosis) – with new marble from Mount Penteli.
Year of Inscription: 1987
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Places to stay
- Onboard Celebrity Equinox cruise ship
- Acropolis Museum Boutique Hotel
- Hotel Nefeli
- The Olympia
Places to eat
- Liondi Traditional Greek Restaurant
- Panorama Fish Restaurant
- LOTS of feta cheese!! Lots of souvlaki with chicken -- yum.
- Sounion Cliffside Restaurant
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